The swelling due to fluid retention is known as edema. If you think that you are gaining weight or your extremities are bloating because of water retention, the first thing you need to do is to head straight to a doctor and have yourself checked. Water retention is actually a symptom of serious conditions and illnesses such as heart problems and kidney woes. When it comes to this kind of disorder, you need to know the underlying causes first before you can do something to eliminate it.
Water retention is a common health problem that greatly affects the day to day activities of the sufferers. Water retention - medically referred to as edema - is the accumulation of excess fluid that leaks into the body tissues. The leakage will lead to swelling in all over the body (generalized swelling) or more localized swelling, such as swelling in legs, feet and ankles or fluid retention in abdominal, the face, hands, arms, and around the lungs.
A lot of women complain of weight gain or swollenness before their menstrual period or during menopause. Water retention experienced at these times is usually caused by fluctuating levels of female sex hormone progesterone. The problem can be exacerbated by a diet that is high in salt or sodium. Aside from hormonal imbalance, estrogen replacement therapy used to treat menopause can also be responsible for the swelling and weight gain due to fluid retention during perimenopause.
There are also many illnesses which can cause the body to retain water, some of which are:
* Arthritis (swelling joints)
* Liver Disease
* Varicose Veins
* Kidney disease
Excessive sodium intake though is not the only cause of this common problem. Living a sedentary lifestyle can also cause the body to retain fluid. This is another reason for couch potatoes out there to put on their trainers and start moving their bodies. One of the benefits of exercise is the improvement of circulation. If you have poor blood circulation, there is a tendency that blood and other fluids in your body will pool in your extremities such as the legs, arms and belly.
As mentioned earlier, sodium is the number one culprit of water retention. If you want to get rid of bloating, you better reduce your salt intake. Since processed foods are full of sodium, as stated in their labels, you need to stay away from them as much as possible. If you really have to consume processed stuff, just make sure that you choose the ones that explicitly say they are low in sodium.
Avoid diuretics: Though diuretics are effective for the flushing out of excess water in the people with the heart, kidney or liver disease, they can also cause rebound edema. Continuous usage will activate the salt and water retaining hormones and when stopped, these hormones are activated and cause water retention.
Sip on the herbal tea: Many herbs are slightly diuretic. Parsley is the best known one. Take two teaspoons of dried leaves for each cup of boiling water and seep for ten minutes. Drink three cups a day.
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